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Nayla Djenar Maesa Ayu.pdf


Nayla: A Novel by Djenar Maesa Ayu




Nayla is a novel by Indonesian writer Djenar Maesa Ayu, published in 2005 by Gramedia Pustaka Utama. The novel tells the story of Nayla, a young girl who grows up in a dysfunctional family and experiences various forms of love and trauma. The novel explores the themes of sexuality, identity, violence, and feminism in contemporary Indonesian society.


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Summary




The novel consists of four parts, each narrated by a different character. The first part is told by Nayla, who is nine years old and lives with her mother, father, and older sister Ratu in Jakarta. Nayla's father is a wealthy businessman who often cheats on his wife and abuses his children. Nayla's mother is a depressed and passive woman who suffers from breast cancer and neglects her daughters. Nayla's sister Ratu is a rebellious teenager who rebels against her father and engages in sexual relationships with older men. Nayla feels lonely and unloved by her family, and seeks comfort in her friendship with Juli, a boy from her school who has a crush on her.


The second part is told by Juli, who is ten years old and lives with his grandmother. Juli's parents are divorced and his father lives in Australia with his new wife and son. Juli loves Nayla and tries to protect her from her father's violence. He also introduces her to literature and music, which become her sources of inspiration and escape. Juli is bullied by his classmates for being poor and effeminate, and he struggles with his sexual identity.


The third part is told by Ratu's mother, who is forty years old and lives alone in a hospital. She recounts her life story, from her childhood in a village to her marriage to Nayla's father. She reveals that she was raped by her husband on their wedding night, and that she never loved him or her children. She blames herself for her daughter's rebelliousness and her husband's infidelity. She also confesses that she had an affair with a young man named Ben, who was Ratu's boyfriend and Nayla's first love.


The fourth part is told by Ben, who is twenty-one years old and lives in Bali. He recalls his relationship with Ratu, whom he met when he was seventeen and she was fifteen. He describes their passionate and turbulent romance, which ended when Ratu became pregnant and had an abortion without telling him. He also remembers his friendship with Nayla, whom he met when she was thirteen and he was nineteen. He admits that he fell in love with Nayla, but never acted on his feelings because he felt guilty about betraying Ratu. He reveals that he was the one who gave Nayla the novel that inspired her to become a writer.


Analysis




Nayla is a novel that portrays the complex and often contradictory aspects of human relationships, especially between men and women, parents and children, and lovers and friends. The novel challenges the conventional norms and values of Indonesian society, such as patriarchy, marriage, family, religion, sexuality, and morality. The novel also reflects the social and political changes that occurred in Indonesia after the fall of Suharto's authoritarian regime in 1998, such as the rise of democracy, human rights, feminism, globalization, and consumerism.


The novel uses a nonlinear narrative structure, shifting between different time periods, locations, perspectives, and voices. The novel also employs various literary devices, such as symbolism, imagery, irony, intertextuality, and metafiction. The novel references many works of literature, music, art, and philosophy that influenced the author and the characters, such as Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, The Beatles, Nirvana, Frida Kahlo, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Friedrich Nietzsche, etc.


Reception




Nayla received mixed reviews from critics and readers alike. Some praised the novel for its originality, honesty, courage, and creativity. Some criticized the novel for its vulgarity, obscenity, immorality, and sensationalism. Some also accused the novel of being autobiographical or plagiarized from other sources. The novel sparked controversy and debate among the Indonesian public, especially regarding the issues of sexuality, violence, and feminism. The novel was also banned in some regions and schools for being considered pornographic and blasphemous.


The novel won several awards, such as the Khatulistiwa Literary Award in 2006, the Anugerah Pembaca Indonesia in 2007, and the Best Book of the Year by Tempo Magazine in 2008. The novel was also adapted into a film in 2015, directed by Rudi Aryanto and starring Adinia Wirasti, Arifin Putra, Reza Rahadian, and Ayushita Nugraha. The film received positive reviews and won several awards, such as the Best Film at the Indonesian Film Festival in 2016, the Best Adapted Screenplay at the Maya Awards in 2016, and the Best Actress for Adinia Wirasti at the Piala Citra in 2016.


References





  • Nayla: novel - Djenar Maesa Ayu - Google Books



  • NOVEL NAYLA KARYA DJENAR MAESA AYU (Tinjauan Sosiologi Sastra)



  • Nayla / Djenar Maesa Ayu OPAC Perpustakaan Nasional RI.



  • Lolita - Wikipedia



  • The Catcher in the Rye - Wikipedia



  • The Little Prince - Wikipedia



  • The Beatles - Wikipedia



  • Nirvana (band) - Wikipedia



  • Frida Kahlo - Wikipedia



  • Jean-Paul Sartre - Wikipedia



  • Albert Camus - Wikipedia



  • Friedrich Nietzsche - Wikipedia



  • Khatulistiwa Literary Award - Wikipedia



  • Anugerah Pembaca Indonesia - Wikipedia



  • Tempo (Indonesian magazine) - Wikipedia



  • Nayla (film) - Wikipedia



  • Indonesian Film Festival - Wikipedia



  • Maya Awards - Wikipedia



  • Piala Citra - Wikipedia




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